Manuel Alegre

Manuel Alegre

(Written for Handbook of Texas, November 2020) In my most recent article, “The Karankawa-Spanish War from 1778 to 1789: Attempted Genocide and Karankawa Power,” I prominently feature two Karankawa individuals: Joseph María and Manuel Alegre. In the war, Joseph María fought against the Spaniards. Manuel Alegre, contrarily, aided the Spaniards.…
Karankawa Indians Handbook of Texas

Karankawa Indians Handbook of Texas

The editors at the Handbook of Texas kindly provided me the opportunity to revise their entry on "Karankawa Indians." While sharing all my edits is a bit cumbersome, the most significant change is visible in the final paragraph which refutes the Karankawas' extinction: Generally, Karankawas either incorporated themselves into the…
Historiography of the Karankawa Indians

Historiography of the Karankawa Indians

This article is a history of the historical works about the Karankawa Indians of the Texas Gulf Coast. Recently, the Karankawas' image in the historical record has improved greatly, but I argue there is still an immense amount of work to do. Scholars need to better integrate Karankawa historical actors…